Babylonian Chronicles

   The general, collective name for a series of historical writings compiled by Babylonian scribes over the course of several centuries. Apparently commissioned by Babylonian rulers, they describe people and events from a local, biased Babylonian perspective. Modern scholars, therefore, are careful not to take everything in these works at face value. They are, nonetheless, extremely valuable when combined with other sources, such as the Assyrian royal annals. The oldest of the Babylonian chronicles dates from the Kassite dynasty in the late second millennium b.c. The rest, making up the bulk of the work, cover the period beginning with the reign of the Babylonian king Nabonassar (747-734 b.c.) and ending with the start of the Parthian period in the late second century b.c. These later chronicles bear names such as the Fall of Nineveh Chronicle, Artaxerxes III Chronicle, and Alexander the Great Chronicle. This excerpt from the Fall of Nineveh Chronicle describes incidents in 612 and 611 b.c., when the Babylonians and the Medes were attacking Assyria:
   The king of Babylonia mustered his army and marched to [?].... The king of the Medes [Cyaxares] marched towards the king of Babylonia. . . . They met one another. The king of Babylonia [and] Cyaxares ... marched along the bank of the Tigris [and] encamped against Nineveh. From the month Simanu [June] until the month Abu [August] . . . they subjected the city to a heavy siege. ... They inflicted a major defeat upon a great people. ... They carried off the vast booty of the city and the temple and turned the city into a ruin heap.

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Babylonian Chronicles — The Babylonian Chronicles are series of tablets recording major events in Babylonian history. They are thus one of the first steps in the development of ancient historiography. The Babylonian Chronicles were written over a very long period of… …   Wikipedia

  • BABYLONIAN CHRONICLES —    Several chronicles were written in Babylon from the middle of the second millennium B.C. onward. Chronicle Precords the dealings of the Kassite Dynasty with its Assyrian and Elamite neighbors. There are seven Neo Babylonian chronicles from the …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Babylonian War — (311 309 BC): armed conflict between the Diadochi Antigonus Monophthalmus and Seleucus I Nicator, ending in a victory by the last mentioned. After this war, restoration of the empire of Alexander the Great was no longer possible, a result… …   Wikipedia

  • CHRONICLES, BOOK OF — CHRONICLES, BOOK OF, one of the books of the Hagiographa section of the Bible. In the printed Jewish editions of the Bible, it appears last. In Christian Bibles Chronicles follows II Kings and precedes Ezra. book of chronicles contents Book of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Chronicles, Books of —    The two books were originally one. They bore the title in the Massoretic Hebrew Dibre hayyamim, i.e., Acts of the Days. This title was rendered by Jerome in his Latin version Chronicon, and hence Chronicles. In the Septuagint version the book… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Chronicles, books of the — ▪ Old Testament also called  (in early Roman Catholic translation into English) Paralipomenon I And Ii,         two Old Testament books that were originally part of a larger work that included the books of Ezra and Nehemiah. These three (Ezra and …   Universalium

  • Books of Chronicles — For other uses, see Chronicles (disambiguation). Paralipomenon redirects here. For other uses, see Paralipomena (disambiguation). Hebrew Bible …   Wikipedia

  • EXILE, BABYLONIAN — EXILE, BABYLONIAN, exiles of Judah to Babylonia, sixth–fifth centuries B.C.E. Although Babylonia was not the only destination of former Judahites, it was the Babylonian deportees and their descendants whose perspectives inform the Hebrew Bible.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 1 Chronicles — noun the first of two Old Testament books telling the history of Judah and Israel until the return from the Babylonian Captivity in 536 BC • Syn: ↑I Chronicles • Instance Hypernyms: ↑book • Part Holonyms: ↑Hagiographa, ↑Ketubim, ↑Writings, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • 2 Chronicles — noun the second of two Old Testament books telling the history of Judah and Israel until the return from the Babylonian Captivity in 536 BC • Syn: ↑II Chronicles • Instance Hypernyms: ↑book • Part Holonyms: ↑Hagiographa, ↑Ketubim, ↑Writings, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.